The EU has concluded more than a thousand international agreements with third countries, covering trade, aviation, nuclear cooperation and other issues. These no longer apply to the UK when it leaves the EU. The government has identified 157 agreements with non-EU countries that it is seeking to replace in the event of a non-Brexit deal. Some agreements have already been concluded, but most of them are in progress and some will not be in force by the day scheduled for Brexit on 31 October. The European Union`s free trade agreement contributes to EU growth: in 2018, the EU was the world`s second largest exporter (15.5%) before the United States (10.6%) China (15.8%).  The bilateral financial services agreement must also provide a clear process that must be followed in the event that recognition is withdrawn in the future. This document was subsequently updated, reflecting the new default withdrawal date of October 31, 2019 and the progress made in reaching agreements in certain areas. Some agreements, which were not expected in time before Brexit day, are expected to come into force on 31 October. These include five fisheries agreements and another air services agreement, as well as other trade continuation agreements. However, the status of most other agreements for which the commitment has not yet been concluded or which was not expected to be in force remains unchanged.
In November 2018, George Hollingbery, then trade minister, said the government was still optimistic about replacing most EU trade deals in time for Brexit day. He noted that the discussions had become more complex, as they had previously been based on a transitional period, but that the focus has now shifted “to the focus on key partners.” that no deal was a real possibility. He said it would be difficult to conclude agreements with some countries closely linked to the EU if there was no agreement with the EU. He also said that a previously announced agreement with the five members of the South African Customs Union (SACU) and Mozambique had not yet been reached. After leaving the European Union, the UK plans to negotiate trade agreements to replace and complement members of the EU Customs Union. Since October 2020[update], the UK has concluded a new trade agreement (with Japan) for the continuation of 20 existing agreements (EU) and new negotiations are under way. The British government calls itself a proponent of free trade.   Find out about the trade agreements already signed by the UK and our discussions with the countries with which the EU has a trade agreement. The effects of Brexit on the citizens of the UK will be felt in different ways, one of the main considerations being the economics. For the UK economy to prosper outside the European Union, the UK must conclude new international agreements. In February 2019, the government said the UK would remain after the day of withdrawal, “where it is already a party in its own right,” to most “mixed” multilateral agreements. These include the agreement establishing the World Trade Organization and the climate change agreement.
The UK would not remain in “mixed” bilateral agreements, such as some EU air and free trade agreements. A free trade agreement between Turkey and the UNITED Kingdom would be important, given that the UK is Turkey`s second largest trading partner. According to Cavusoglu, a bilateral trade target of $20 billion has already been set after Brexit. On this basis, EU trade agreements can continue to apply to the UK. The Ministry of International Trade published a list on 21 February showing the status of negotiations on replacement agreements. He confirmed that the agreements between Japan and Turkey would not pass on the day of the withdrawal, but said that the commitment to other agreements was under way.