Until the end of 2010, the influence of the FARC and THE EP was significantly reduced in areas where they had only undertaken military expansion in the 1980s and 1990s, in part due to the inability to establish close social ties with local populations. Government offensives eliminated much of the visible guerrilla presence in northern and central Colombia, as well as in Guainía, Vaupés and the Amazon, limiting the FARC to covert operations. Similar military setbacks and retreats even occurred in their traditional strongholds, forcing the FARC to move to the most remote areas, but there the guerrillas seemed to maintain the support of the population among the peasants who had developed organic compounds for insurrection. [314] On June 3, 26, 1991, dialogue resumed between the Simón Bolívar Guerrilla Coordination Council and the government in the neutral territory of Caracas (Venezuela) and Tlaxcala,Mexico. [77] However, the war did not stop and armed attacks on both sides continued. The negotiation process was interrupted in 1993 following the absence of an agreement. The Coordinating Council did not disappear long after that period, and the guerrilla groups continued their activities independently. Duque appointed “no” campaign loyalists to head the agencies that must implement the deal and left their budgets underfunded. He opposed the Santos government`s commitment to facilitate the transition of farmers who grow illegal coca leaves to legal crops such as coffee and ignored promises to boost economic investment in rural areas. Additional measures to implement the agreements include:[112] Crimes not eligible for amnesty or pardon would be presented to the JEP, which would have jurisdiction over all those who have directly or indirectly participated in the armed conflict: combatants of illegal armed groups that are signatories to a final peace agreement with the state, state agents who have committed crimes in the conflict; and third parties who have been directly or indirectly involved in the conflict without being members of an armed group. The JEP would be responsible for untermined funding or cooperation with paramilitary groups for those with “decisive participation in the most serious and representative crimes.” However, members of paramilitary groups who have been demobilized and who have appeared before an ordinary court or before the courts of justice and peace would not fall within the jurisdiction of the PEC, while the Government would undertake to take measures to strengthen information on the paramilitary phenomenon. [123] Colombian presidents with special constitutional status (Article 174) would not be subject to the PEC. Guerrillas initially targeted the families of drug traffickers, the wealthy upper classes and foreigners, but later the group extended its kidnapping and blackmail operations to the middle classes.

[261] [262] [264] The government has responded to growing insecurity, including through military force, against armed groups and forcibly exterminated the cocea plants. . . .