Your employment contract defines the agreements that you and your employer have concluded in areas such as employment, form of employment, salary, overtime and alongside the collective agreement. If you do not have a collective agreement, your employment contract must contain everything that is part of the collective agreement so that you can work equally. After 14 days, employers go to the Swedish Social Security Board and the worker claims benefits. Social security pays the absenteeism rate from the fifteenth day. You may have heard of the Swedish model, but do you know what it contains? Swedish labour law sets out a framework of rules, rights and obligations in the labour market, but many of the benefits you enjoy as a worker are actually set out in our collective agreements (collectivelyavtal). These agreements generally regulate issues such as participation, negotiated procedures and the definition of common objectives with regard to the future development of the labour market and employers. As a rule, agreements with the above-mentioned topics are concluded between the federal employers` organizations and their national central counterparts. The Protection against Dismissal Act (EPO) applies, including the notice period in the event of termination ranging from one month for an employee of the company to six months for a person with 10 years of service. However, it is possible to conclude a mutual agreement under which the worker accepts compensation instead of the notice period. The choice is up to the employee. If you start working for an employer who has signed a collective agreement, you can be sure that you have good working conditions. The conditions of the collective agreement are binding on the company. The Participation Act stipulates that employers must negotiate significant changes in the workplace with the party with whom they have signed a collective agreement.
This may concern the organization, budget or conditions of service. Negotiations then take place with elected officials who have a good knowledge of the workplace and who can exert an influence for you. The definition of a collective agreement is contained in the Participation Act, which stipulates that a collective agreement is a written agreement between employers` organizations or an employer, on the one hand, and a workers` organization, on the other, which governs the conditions of employment or relations between employers and employees. An agreement is considered written if its contents have been recorded in approved protocols or if a contract proposal and acceptance have been recorded in separate documents. Oral agreements or agreements which do not concern relations between employers and employees shall not be regarded as a collective agreement. . . .